Most colonial era Americans were not just from Scotland or Ireland or northern England, but from a mix of these places. Many Scots-Irish families passed through Ireland, where they lived after they first left Scotland, and then emigrated to certain east coast states. They are known by hyphenated terms such as Scots-Irish or Anglo-Irish because of the two to four generations most spent in Ireland. Part of the Mission of AmeriCeltic is to help fill a gap for American family history researchers who are tracing families back to Ireland or Scotland.

Some of our source materials mention the following families:

  • Campbells (of Skeldon)
  • Caldwells
  • Montgomery's
  • Shaw (of Greenock)
  • Boyds
  • Hamiltons
  • Alexanders
  • Maxwells



Online Sources

These are links directly to collections of records, as collections of manuscripts, published volumes of the data, etc., or sites where you can either view, download or order the collections of data. If you must order the collections, the site gives you instructions how to do so: some have several formats, including Kindle e-books, which are very affordable. Some multi-volume collections of records are a mixture of availability with the first volume being on-line and viewable or downloadable at one site, either all the volumes or the rest of the volumes are either viewable or must be ordered in some format or other from one or more sites. The 'Annals of the Four Masters' which covers Irish history and genealogy from pre-Christian times to 1616 and was compiled by monks between 1616-1636, in six volumes, with a seventh volume as an index to the first six, is one of the prime examples of that mish-mash. One site has all six volumes and the index volume, on-line, but other sites have only one or some of the volumes. For this particular work I've put links into this list of sources to both the site with the first volume and all six/seven volumes.
This HUGE resource contains all SIX volumes plus the seventh volume index of the Annals of the Four Masters, on-line, as compiled by John O'Donovan and published in 1854, with an excellent introduction to what has been compiled and from what sources and how, from the original manuscripts in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy and Trinity College of Dublin. This is the Irish history and genealogies from ancient pre-Christian times to 1616 CE, compiled by monks between 1616 and 1636 CE. It is mostly kings, tribal and clan chiefs and high ranking, often related, subordinate 'nobles.' Specific dates are usually from the 13th century forward and more frequent toward the end of the periods written about by the monks. It describes the political and social structures of Ireland prior to the Normans and then the English in some detail and indicates the locations of the people named by kingdom, division of kingdom (Munster had four divisions) and more. In the total of all six volumes is approximately 4,000 pages of material, a monumental work.
The first volume of six volumes of The Annals of the Four Masters. (See Above) There is also an additional book recommended by historians that explains omissions and editing that was done by the monks and why, by Bernadette Cunningham that can also be purchased.
Pedigrees of Ireland, Volume 1 (of several) by John O'Hart, 5th edition published in 1892 at Ringsend, Dublin, Ireland. This covers the mythology and early oral tradition, and some monastic and other church records of the first pagan and Christian kings and noble families, clans and tribes of the four, sometimes five kingdoms of Ireland and 'the new settlers 'Normans' and later. There are footnotes and bibliography. There are genealogies with some date and places in the body, but particularly after 1500 CE. The appendices show relationships between more families and the senior/noble Irish families and locations where these families resided generally under the Brehon and Tanist laws. Extended families, clans and tribes were tied to specific lands but the small families within them moved as their rank within their families changed according to changes in the identity of the chiefs.

Volume 2 was reprinted by The Longriders' Guild Press in 2001 is available on Amazon in paperback and hardbound. We are asking the publisher to make this volume an ebook on the Kindle platform. You should ask them also. This volume covers the Norman mercenaries of 1168 CE - ~ 1300 CE and their genealogies up to Cromwell (1649). The Norman (later Norman-Irish) families were mostly in Leinster, Munster and Ulster.
The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty, First published in 1662, this includes 100 pages about 'the political anatomy of Ireland' at the time of the forfeitures and following compromise arranged by Cromwell and then Charles II. Petty identified all the land-owners in Ireland under the Quit Rents he was assigned to assess, and in so doing, determined who owned what estates, where and what were the sizes of the estates, enabling the forfeitures and redistributions. The two volumes are available in several formats, depending upon the choice of the reader/user. The second volume is more about England and London than Ireland.
These documents, New Links to 1641 Depositions, are the depositions and claims of victims and witnesses to the Irish rebellion of 1641. To access the depositions themselves, you sign in/register as a "user" of the Trinity College collections. The depositions are indexed by county and name. They were made by Scots- Irish, Anglo-Irish, Welsh-Irish, Norman-Irish and native Irish as the rebels were as much bent on settingly personal scores as trying to end English rule of Ireland, and the Irish rebels also targeted other Irish who did not agree with the rebellion or did not strongly enough help the rebels. In the depositions are named, husbands, wives, sons, neighbors and the rebels themselves, and their relationships to one another. Used in conjunction with the 1629-30 census and the 1660 hearth rolls, it shows who was killed, who survived, where they were living in 1641 and if they moved after 1641, as many depositions were taken between 1643-1653 from new home places when the old homes were destroyed.
This is a Summary of the Calendar of Rosse, calendar meaning a comprehensive, detailed index or short abstracts. This Summary of the Calendar of Rosse covers the collection of all the manuscripts in the entire estate collection of the Parsons' family who owns Birr Castle in County Offaly, and inherited the second creation of the title Earls of Rosse, as well as some of the real estate and related records from the first earls. The first Calendar of Rosse was created about 10-15 years ago and published in 2008. There has been a project to update the Calendar and add additional materials later discovered since about 2015. A summary of the older Calendar was also published and made available on-line through Birr Castle in 2015. We are hoping to add a link to the updated Calendar of Rosse, as it becomes available. The Parsons family had three members who were Lords Surveyors of Ireland under Elizabeth I of England and James VI of Scotland / James I of England and acquired lands in more than a dozen Irish counties. The Calendar is an 'estate records collection' of many transactions, and has names in it of many dozens of families who were in-laws, extended family, neighbors, tenants and business goods and services purveyors to the Parsons, and their locations for over 400 years. The Parsons family of the Earls of Rosse has one of the largest estate records collections in all of Ireland.
This document, The Hamilton Manuscripts ..., by Sir James Hamilton, Knight, edited by T.K. Lowry, Esq., Belfast, Ireland, 1857, is the collection of Hamilton family papers of the Hamiltons of Claneboy and relatives who along with Hamiltons of Arran and Montgomery families were the founders of the Scottish settlements in County Down and their feudal overlords. Many towns, ports, etc. were founded under the leadership and direction of the Hamiltons and Montgomery's. Many families who were related to, or had frequent transactions with both Hamiltons and Montgomery's are in this set of manuscripts and the Montgomery papers. These papers also cover some relationships with Hamiltons of Arran and their adjacent county settlements and estates.
This is first volume of The Montgomery Manuscripts: 1603-1706 compiled by William Montgomery, Esq. and edited with notes by Rev. George Hill, published in 1869, Belfast, Ireland. It is the papers of the Montgomery's Viscounts of Ards, later Earls of Mount Alexander, County Down.  This set of papers includes details of several families who came from Scotland to settle in Ireland, notably the Montgomery's, formerly of Braidstane, a junior branch of the Earls of Eglinton, and Campbells of Dovecoate Hall, descended from a younger son to Campbell of Skeldon.
Second Edition. The Peerage of Ireland: or, A genealogical history of the present nobility of that kingdom. by Lodge, John, 1692-1774; Archdall, Mervyn, 1723-1791. Publication date 1789. Topics Nobility -- Ireland, Heraldry -- Ireland. Publisher Dublin : J. Moore. Collection bostonpubliclibrary; americana. Digitizing sponsor Boston Public. (The first edition was published in 1754 and is only available as an e-book.);view=fulltext
Complete Description of the Battle of the Boyne and Lists of Attainted. After the Catholic forces of King James II surrendered to the mostly Protestant forces of William III at Limerick in 1691, several official documents were hurriedly put together and published on the orders of the victorious William III. This is a link to the appendix to the FIRST of these documents. These documents were written to justify the Protestants (and even some Catholics) rebelling against James II, and so also William's invasion of Ireland. The referenced 'Act of Attainder' was passed by the hand-selected extremist Catholic parliament of the Earl of Tyrconnel, who was appointed by the deposed King James II, and would have had most Protestants massacred. The list of attainted persons includes not only their counties of residence, but also the names of their estates and/or occupations as well names of those who were craftsmen in cities and towns.
Lyman Chalkley's 1911, 3 volumes, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish; abstracts of original colonial and early state of Virginia records for Augusta County from roughly 1750 to 1850, and part of the records of daughter counties Rockbridge and Botetourt, and bits of Rockingham and Montgomery Counties. The volumes have indexes at the end of each volume, the last 20 or 30 pages of each total number of pages. You can select and enter page numbers in a page number box. You can use the search box to find surnames, full names, or use other key words. Bear in mind there were no universally accepted, and used, spelling rules in the 18th century and surnames often have several spellings. Each spelling should be searched for your ancestors. To quote the Virginia State Archives, "also keep in mind that these are abstracts of records, not the entire record and critical details of events are not in them." We’ve found that the records themselves sometimes have more names and more description of the parties also. This collection of county records abstracts are a beginning to understand who did what, when, why and how. To get maximum benefit from the records of more complicated matters and lawsuits, you really do need to get the entire record.
Annals of Augusta County, by Joseph Waddell, published 1902. Covers some of the same ground as Chalkley's Chronicles..., but is written more as a history and has additional material from the records themselves. Chalkley sometimes overly abbreviated his extracts and abstracts and Waddell sometimes spotted important items missed by Chalkley.
History of Albemarle County, by Rev. Edgar Woods, 1901. Relied on family records, cemetery records, etc., more than county records as the county's records had, in the words of a visitor even a century later, "no system of filing (or labeling)" making it very had to find much in the cabinets where files had been put haphazardly, when they were no longer in current use. It does cover bits and pieces of several families and important events, including the Woods families.
Rev. Neander Woods' 1905, Woods-McAfee Memorial; a personal family history from mostly family records and some county records from Goochland and to a much lesser extent, Albemarle County, of Virginia, given the condition of the county records at the time "no discernible filing system whatsoever"-written by a frustrated researcher about 70 year later. This is a flawed but useful family history. There was a certain amount of wrong-guessing about Irish ancestry of the Woods family (Worsop is NOT in this family's actual history) and Rev. Neander Woods and his cousin, Rev. Edgar Woods were not trained historians and did not research Augusta and its daughter counties and mistakenly thought that all the Woods in Augusta and Albemarle Counties were children of one emigrant couple, not two, who were brothers and sisters to one another and thus had very similar names for two sets of children.
William Harris Miller's 1907 flawed family history of Woods, Miller, Kavenaugh, Wallace, etc. families, incorporating some of Rev. Edgar Woods' genealogical research and a mixture of family records, county records with some counties not searched at all, again, etc..
History of Ayshire, by James Paterson in two volumes; first volume published in 1847; volume 2 published in 1852 (separate listing below the first). Cited NUMEROUS primary source records, especially for the families.
Records of the Sheriffs of Inveraray, first volume, published 1901; covers most of a period between 1670-1740 but is not a complete archives. The compiler/editor said many more records remained that needed to be published. The families in the records include many Campbell lines, but also any non-Campbells who lived in Argyllshire and Bute.
The Thanes of Cawdor, by John Frederick Vaughan Campbell, 1852; family history, and events covering a number of branches of the Campbells of Cawdor closest to the Thanes, from the primary source records in the "red boxes" at the Castle of Nairn and elsewhere. Covers families in Nairnshire and on Islay. It is not a complete history, and has less detail about Islay than Nairnshire, but is extensive.
Ladies of the Covenant, by Rev. James Anderson, 1862; describes the lives and families of a number of leading ladies who were "Covenanters" in Scotland; includes excerpts of their diaries, family notes and records. This book includes Lady Henriette Lindsay-Campbell, wife of the 4th baronet Auchinbreck and her mother, Lady Anne McKenzie-Lindsay-Campbell, widow of the 1st Earl of Balcarres and 2nd wife of the 8th Earl of Argyll who was beheaded for his rebellion in 1685.
Memorial of Sir William Alexander of Menstry, 1st Earl of Stirling, by Major W.R.E. Alexander, published in 1877; covers most of the Alexander family; pedigrees, history, etc., done from mostly primary records and cites them. Very comprehensive; two volumes.
The Covenanters, by John Hewison, 2 volumes of history and records of the Covenanters. This names leading preachers and military leaders and what became of them and when. It describes the civil strife and persecutions by the Stuart kings, etc.. The first volume is available via Google books but each computer user has to select the format for download and it varies. Look up the book, volume 1 and author and it comes up on Google books but does not have a universal link.
The History of Nairnshire, by George Bain, covers some of the same ground as The Thanes of Cawdor, but has additional civil records and covers other families from Nairnshire.
County Down Research Centre, by Ros Davies, one of the best research/heritage centres for Ireland, volunteer created and maintained, and frequently updated. Wallace, Ross and other families have abundant records on this site.
The Irish Ancestral Research Association: site listing for various Irish research sites with on-line materials about families, places and local history.


Cecilia's Personal Materials

Fair Use and Research

Look-ups for Family History Researchers

By Cecilia Fabos-Becker

Under the 'Fair Use' doctrine, it is not acceptable to copy and upload large parts of books or multi-volume series, for free public use when copywrited materials are still in print and available for purchase. However, many researchers, myself included, have copies of items from which they can do "look-ups" and send the result of look-ups to a person who makes a query by email.

I have many useful materials from which I can do look ups, such as: the 9 volume series of Kentucky Biographies, extracted from county histories and biographical series in the late 1880's by Thomas V. Westerfield and edited and published in 1975, and four of the five volumes of indexes with a line to a paragraph about each item, of the Lyman Draper, late colonial, early U.S. historical records and biographies collection at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and books of Tennessee history, pedigrees and biographical materials. I also have the four volumes of a modern reprint of Rev. George Hill's 1840's work called Conquest of Ireland which has all the names in the original plantation grants in Ulster, and the 1628/9 census taken of Ulster--useful for helping trace Scots who settled in Ireland back through Ireland to Scotland.

I also have multiple files, some over an inch thick, of notes made from various materials, some rare and hard to find, on several families who were in the following states: Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri. The families for which I have the most data are: Wallace, Woods (and some on Wood families), Fortner, Dunlap, Dark, Campbell, Kirk, Ross, Hays, Lemars/Lamars, some materials on Landrums, some materials on McCormicks, and some materials on Walkers.

Cecilia's Library - Look-up Materials:

Here is a list of most of these items from which I can do look-ups for people--preferably friends, newsletter subscribers and above all donors to and sponsors of As finances permit and I find additional interesting, rare and useful print materials, I will acquire them. I try to focus on the pre-1850 U.S. and Irish records and biographical materials.

These are either still in print and being sold, or are too large to upload. Send me an email if you think you might have a family or individual in them and I will do a look-up from these materials.

The Irish Landed Gentry: When Cromwell came to Ireland by John O'Hart, 1887, George Healy, Storm. Printer, Dublin, Ireland

American Marriage Records Before 1699 by William Montgomery Clemens, 1984, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland

North and South Carolina Marriage Records, by William Montgomery Clemens, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1975

Background of a Bandit: The Ancestry of Jesse James by Joan M. Beamis, and William E. Pullen, 1981, Jesse James Publishers, Liberty, Missouri

Irish Families on the California Trail, by Michael C. O'Loughlin, Irish Genealogical Foundation, Kansas City, MO 2003. This is a compilation of the earliest documented mention/description of hundreds of families by surnames when they first appeared in California in various decades of the 1800's, some before the Gold Rush. It gives names, dates and locations.

Draper Collection Calendar Series (four of the five volumes of indexes ever published to the Lyman Draper collection of original documents, correspondence, pedigrees, interviews, etc. of Late Colonial and early U.S. history of Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, East Tennessee, Kentucky and Ohio: vol. 1: "Preston and Virginia Papers," vol. 2: "Kentucky Papers," vol. 3: "Tennessee and King's Mountain Papers," and vol. 4: George Rogers Clark Papers," by University of Wisconsin, Publications of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1915, reprinted by McDowell Publishing, Utica, Kentucky.

New England Marriages Prior to 1700 by Clarence Almon Torrey, 1987, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland

Genealogies of Rhode Island Families vol's. I and II, A-Wil, by Gary Boyd Roberts, 1989, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland (I don't have volume III which covers Win-Z)

East Tennessee History (reprinted from Goodspeed's History of Tennessee, reorganized and indexed by Samuel McDowell in 1973, McDowell Publishing, Utica, Kentucky

Tennessee Cousins: a History of Tennessee People by Worth Ray, 1950, reprinted in 2004, by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland

Tennessee Genealogical Records: Records of Early Settlers from State and County Archives by Edythe Rucker Whitley, 1981, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland

Rutherford County, Tennessee, Cemeteries vol. III, Southwest Third of the County, by Rutherford County S.A.R., Stones River Chapter, and Rutherford County Historical Society, 1975, Smyrna, Tennessee.

Rutherford County, Tennessee Historical Society Publications No. 12 and No. 14, Murfreesboro, Tennessee: (had articles on the John Taylor Lytle family, Kirks and Montgomery's, the First Presbyterian Church of Murfreesboro and early members, and an index to the wills of Rutherford County, 1802-1882)

Kentucky Genealogy and Biography (9 volumes) extracted from the 1870's and 1880's county and state histories and biographies by Thomas V. Westerfield, edited and published in 1975 by McDowell Publishing, Utica, Kentucky

Quaker Records of the Miami Valley of Ohio by Eileen Davis and Judith Ireton, 1980, McDowell Publishing, Utica, Kentucky

The Ridge Runners queries and genealogical data, most with some documents citations bound volumes of material from this magazine and another named "The Ozark Quarterly published in the 1960's and 1970's, Vol's I-III, V-VIII (missing only vol. IV), compiled and published by William A. Yates, 1975-1977, Yates Publishing Co., Rifle, Colorado. This publication covered Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Virginia, primarily.

The Wallace Collection: I and II (two volumes--group sheets and pedigrees with some documentation), and the Lamar Legacy by Ruth Lamar Petracek from 1978 to the late 1980's, self-published, Santa Ana, California

Highland Papers (two volumes of many covering some early genealogies and papers of Campbells and McKenzies), edited by J.R.N MacPhail, K.C., Publications of the Scottish History Society, first published in the magazine in the 1920's up to 1933, reprinted, 1995, Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, Maryland (MacPhaill and his researchers published transcripts of many original documents relating to these families and many others.)

Scots Colonists of Early America: 1612-1783, by David Dobson, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1999. This is a compilation of the earliest mentions or descriptions of Scots families who arrived in North America from original records found in various places, including the United Kingdom. It gives names, dates and locations and sometimes their origins in Scotland, and sometimes the ships on which they arrived.

Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations: 1650-1775, by David Dobson, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 2010. This is records of all the individuals who were judged rebel and transported after the several Scottish rebellions, including two Covenanter rebellions, and the Civil War between the Stuarts and Parliament. This compilation of records also includes some other individuals who were transported as criminals, rather than be executed or imprisoned for long periods of time. It gives names, dates, locations--sometimes where they were born or lived before their capture or arrest, ships on which they were transported and locations were they were unloaded. 'Plantations in America' generally means the mid Atlantic or southern colonies of New Jersey or Virginia or Maryland, unless otherwise specified. Jamaica is usually stated as Jamaica.

Scots on the Chesapeake: 1607-1830 (documented mentions of early Scottish settlers along or near the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac and James Rivers in Virginia, near the Bay in Maryland, and elsewhere in Virginia) by David Dobson, 1992 Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland

Scots-Irish Links: 1575-1725, Parts I and II, by David Dobson, 2002, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Maryland (I also have Parts III and IV as an e-book).

The Scots-Irish in the Shenandoah Valley, by Billy Kennedy, 1996, (U.S. Printing) Emerald House Group, Inc., Greenville, South Carolina (also published in Northern Ireland)

The Scots-Irish in the Hills of Tennessee, by Billy Kennedy, 1996, (U.S. Printing) Emerald House Group, Inc., Greenville, South Carolina (also published in Northern Ireland)

Families of Ballyrashane: A District in Northern Ireland (covering part of the old County of Coleraine, now Derry, and part of County Antrim), by T.H. Mullin, 1969, News Letter Printing Co., Ltd., Belfast, Northern Ireland (some family genealogies and ordinance maps, etc. mostly material dating from 1740 and later, but some a little earlier)

The Conquest of Ireland (four volumes) by Rev. George Hill, originally in the 1840's, reprinted in 2004 by the Irish Genealogical Foundation, Kansas City, Missouri (covers the Fall of the Native Irish Chiefs, the Plantations in Ulster, the English in Londonderry, and the 1628-9 special census of Ulster; many, many names connected with dates and places)

A History of Ulster by Jonathan Bardon, 1992 by the Blackstaff Press Ltd., Belfast, Northern Ireland (very detailed book--only slightly smaller and lighter than a hard-bound copy of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary)

The Twilight Lords (about the last native and Norman-Irish, lords of Ireland and the new incoming English lords under Elizabeth I), by Richard Berleth, 1978, Barnes and Noble, New York, NY, reprinted 1994.


Mostly Pre-1900 transcripts of records, documented pedigrees, etc. and emphasis on pre-1860: At least three overstuffed file drawers of files on BEEBES of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York and Illinois--and England; KIRKS of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois; HAYS of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Kentucky; DUNLAPS of Virginia and North and South Carolina--and Scotland; LAMARS/LEMARS of Maryland, Virginia and Tennessee; LANDRUMS of Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia; CAMPBELLS of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and northern Alabama--and Ireland and Scotland; FORTNERS of South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky; MCCORMICKS (and at least six frequent variants in spelling) in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois; ROSS's in Pennsylvania, Virginia and Tennessee--and Ireland; WALLACE's of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana and Missouri--and Ireland and Scotland; WOODS' (with an "s"--and some material on WOOD's) of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, northern Alabama--and Ireland and England; (some material on) WALKER's of Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Missouri; (some material on) RAMSEY's of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and Ohio.


Links to Some Primary Sources Used by AmeriCeltic for Family History Research